VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND PLANT USE IN RELATION TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES ALONG THE KUISEB RIVER IN THE NAMIB DESERT

Dublin Core

Title

VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND PLANT USE IN RELATION TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES ALONG THE KUISEB RIVER IN THE NAMIB DESERT

Description

The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between environmental change and vegetational succession in the Kuiseb River area of the Namib Desert. The results reveal the following: 1. About 5000–7000 years ago, wetter conditions prevailed in the Kuiseb River basin, forming a wider riverbed than at present. 2. About 600 years ago, a low terrace formed. The low terrace was characterized by the growth of acacia trees and other vegetation, which trapped and accreted aeolian sand. 3. About 400 years ago, the trapped and accumulated sand began to form a sand dune, eventually killing the tree population. 4. At the present time, all of the buried acacia trees have died and have been replaced by salvadora bushes, which continue to trap sand and increase the size of the dune. 5. Plants such as Acacia erioloba, Faidherbia albida, and Acanthosicyos horridus are very important food sources and shade plants for the local Topnaar people and their livestock. The succession of vegetation in response to environmental change has a profound impact on life in the Kuiseb River area, owing to the harsh environmental conditions and scarce plant life in the region.

Creator

Kazuharu MIZUNO, Kotaro YAMAGATA

Source

http://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/handle/2433/68465

Publisher

African study monographs. Supplementary issue (2005), 30: 3-14

Date

2005

Format

PDF

Language

English

Files

http://namibia.leadr.msu.edu/files/original/26e8b1aadce394585257fb3e481eb3a0.pdf

Collection

Citation

Kazuharu MIZUNO, Kotaro YAMAGATA, “VEGETATION SUCCESSION AND PLANT USE IN RELATION TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES ALONG THE KUISEB RIVER IN THE NAMIB DESERT,” Namibia Digital Repository, accessed July 19, 2024, https://namibiadigitalrepository.com/items/show/398.

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